By Pet, Willem J. A.
Arawak (Lokono Dian), an Amerindian language within the Arawakan language kin, is comparatively undescribed. the aim of this research is to provide a basic, bottom-up cartoon of Arawak. It begins with reviews at the phonology, then discusses morphology and syntax, and ends with reviews approximately discourse.
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Extra resources for A grammar sketch and lexicon of Arawak (Lokono Dian)
C. 1 for further discussion on pronouns. 4 Verbs 33 The relativization suffixes are discussed in some detail in other sections of this study (see Chapter 4 on relative clauses), and consequently are not dealt with further here. 3 Expectation (Class +3) The third order position after the stem consists of two suffixes having to do with expectancy: (58) -ra ‘EXPECT’ -na ‘UNEXP’ (expected action or result) (unexpected action or result) The suffix -ra added to the verb indicates that the action or event described is somehow expected because of the preceding linguistic context or the situational context.
B. Thy-simaka-fa. ’ (37) a. Na-mithady-fa de. ’ b. Na-mithada-fa. ’ hiaro kanaby-fa to (38) a. ’ kodibio-be. bird-PL b. To hiaro kanaba-fa. 31 It is almost never acceptable to add a direct object to clauses with a-stems. 31There are some apparent exceptions to this, as is also noted by Taylor (1970:202). One is the potentially ditransitive verb sikin ‘to give/put’ which becomes just transitive. Da-siki-fa no thy-myn. ’ bahy-nro. 2). ’ Ma-bolheida-n d-a d-anikho. ’ no. 4 Verbs 27 (41) *Li fara-fa to kabadaro.
One other difference between stative verbs and event verbs is that, because they occur in Verb-Subject sentences, stative verbs cannot receive pronoun prefixes,44 and the pronoun suffixes which occur on them correspond to subjects rather than objects. 43As was the case with event verbs, the citation forms for stative verbs receive the subordinating or nominalizing suffix -n. 44Pronoun prefixes and suffixes always occur in the same position relative to the verb that their corresponding morphologically free forms do.
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