A History of the United Nations: Volume 1: The Years of by Evan Luard

By Evan Luard

This, the 1st quantity of an important paintings, describes the institution of the United international locations, the controversies and debates in the association and the political elements surrounding those through the first ten years of its existence.

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Extra info for A History of the United Nations: Volume 1: The Years of Western Domination, 1945–1955

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The US proposals were quickly accepted as a basis for discussion. There was little inclination among any of the other states to challenge the general structure which they described, including a general assembly, an 'executive council', a secretariat, and an international court ofjustice; nor the proposal for separate procedures to deal with the 'pacific settlement of disputes' and for 'threats to the peace or breaches of the peace' (these separate parts of the US paper eventually became Chapters VI and VII in the final Charter).

But in the latter case the regional bodies would act only with the authorisation of the Council. This was quite a significant change in the original plan: a change which was carried further, as we shall see, at San Francisco. The United States had originally wanted a system of weighted voting to be used in the Assembly in decisions on The Planning of the Charter 31 financial questions (somewhat on the lines of the system of voting adopted at about the same time for the World Bank). But this was unacceptable to the others (it would have given a large proportion of the votes to the United States); and eventually there was general agreement that a simple majority would apply for most questions in the Assembly, with a two-thirds majority needed only for 'important' questions, including budgetary matters.

The Security Council would if necessary call on the parties to make use of these procedures. At San Francisco, besides adding 'inquiry' and 'resort to regional agencies or arrangements' to the proposed procedures, the Conference decided that the Security Council should itself 'investigate' such disputes to decide if they 50 A History of the United Nations endangered peace and security, and recommend appropriate procedures or methods of adjustment. Later a more drastic addition was proposed.

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A History of the United Nations: Volume 1: The Years of by Evan Luard
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