A Living Russian Grammar by Natalia Bitekhtina, Larisa Grushevskaya, Yulia Sheina

By Natalia Bitekhtina, Larisa Grushevskaya, Yulia Sheina

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Despite the writer's cumbersome analysis, the articles include 39 See Plate 6, APPENDIX XII, p. 450. 36 Chapter 1 General Introduction invaluable data on the vernacular of Douiret which is discussed in several occasions in the present work. The common title of these two articles un microcosme Berbere. Systeme verbal et satellites dans trois parlers tunisiens is somewhat intriguing. By the term satellite or 'movable affix', the author discusses how personal pronoun indices attract these satellites such as the particle d; referred to in Berber literature as particule de rapprochement.

31 l. 13 Chapter 1 General Introduction fourteenth century who did not agree that Goliath was the ancestor of the Berbers. According to Norris (1982:35), Ibn Khaldun's argument stems from the remote possibility that if the Berbers have a lineage from Goliath, it does not explain the complexity of the different Berber clans spread in North Africa. Ibn Khaldun also divided the Berbers into two major groups, the Baranis and the Madghis Al-Abtar. According to Norris (1982:40), Berber genealogists believed that the Berbers have two ancestors one is of Berber descent and named Barr and the other of Arabic extraction called Qays *Aylan.

Fourth, Pencheon (1983:31) discussed that the Berbers in Tunisia are unaware that their language and literature (mainly oral) is surviving beyond their small towns. This is reflected, according to the same writer, in the lack of solidarity between the Berber towns such as between Douiret and Chninni despite their geographical proximity (only six kilometres separate the two towns). Pencheon (1983:32) summarises the interrelationship between the Berber language and identity in a societal context where the dominant language is the prestigious one by stating that: 26 27 Chapter 1 General Introduction Si la langue et la litterature berberes ne praissent done pas constituer un moyen d'identite de l 'individu avec la societe au-de la des limites de son entourage immediat, l 'arabe par contre jouit d'une grande puissance culturelle.

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A Living Russian Grammar by Natalia Bitekhtina, Larisa Grushevskaya, Yulia Sheina
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