A Manual of Current Shorthand: Orthographic and Phonetic by HENRY SWEET


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2) and as an infix in demonstrative pronouns (cf. 2). Note that small Cb with velar and uvular consonants presents labialization (see the labialization section below), though phonologically it might be analyzed as a phoneme sequence Cw. g. cdiwuSa ‘cheep’ pd^awSa ‘meow’ 1 The form baybikida ‘to begin’ is also possible. 16 Glottal stop /f/ /f/ occurs automatically before non-pharyngealized vowels in word-initial position. g. fata ‘brain’, fadab ‘respect’. g. nufa ‘to be enough’, mefeSa ‘to moo’.

The nouns that constitute Gender 3 have varied semantics. g. g. g. g. adab ‘respect’, mIc ‘language’; and others. The noun šayt’an ‘devil’, which is a supernatural noun, is treated as an animal and is of Gender 3. g. g. g. xerex ‘saw’, o[g ‘axe’, geram ‘hammer’, rexne ‘spade’. Gender 4 can be considered as the gender of abstract notions and liquids. ). g. q’adarLi ‘meanness’, karamaLi ‘magic’,etc. ), though nouns such as raLad ‘sea’, k’ara ‘lake’ are found in Gender 3. All nouns denoting animals’ young are in Gender 5.

G. e. g. GEN1’ The stressed infinitival suffix -a stands in opposition to the non-stressed imperative suffix -o/-a. g. ha[n-á ’bite-INF’ há[n-a ‘bite-IMP’ susan-á ‘move-INF’ súsan-a ‘move-IMP’ Sus-á ‘sleep-INF’ Sús-o ‘sleep-IMP’ ]anq’idok’-á ‘stifle-INF’ ]ánq’idok’-o ‘stifle-IMP’ x^Irday-á ‘snore-INF’ x^j wrday-a ‘snore-IMP’ Imnajšvili (1963: 22) claims that the stress can trigger phonological changes within the word such as reduction, though this question has not been fully studied. 6. 1. Use of the epenthetic semivowel -y- Vocalic clustering is not allowed, and the epenthetic semivowel -y- is used at a morpheme boundary to avoid hiatus.

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A Manual of Current Shorthand: Orthographic and Phonetic by HENRY SWEET
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