A Presocratics Reader: Selected Fragments and Testimonials by Richard D. McKirahan, Patricia Curd

By Richard D. McKirahan, Patricia Curd

Construction at the virtues that made the 1st variation of A Presocratics Reader the main typical sourcebook for the learn of the Presocratics and Sophists, the second one version deals much more price and a much wider choice of fragments from those philosophical predecessors and contemporaries of Socrates.

With revised introductions, annotations, feedback for extra analyzing, and extra, the second one version attracts at the wealth of recent scholarship released on those attention-grabbing thinkers over the last decade or extra, a remarkably wealthy interval in Presocratic studies.

At the volume’s middle, as ever, are the fragments themselves—but now in completely revised and, from time to time, new translations through Richard D. McKirahan and Patricia Curd, between them these of the lately released Derveni Papyrus.

On the 1st Edition:

“One of the virtues of A Presocratics Reader is that scholars trying to know about Presocratic philosophy may be capable of move on to the first fabrics with no need to extract them from a surrounding observation. The introductory essays position the philosophers of their historic atmosphere, and establish the most interpretive questions, yet enable the philosophers communicate for themselves. . . . A Presocratics Reader presents a superb means into the research of Presocratic philosophy.”—J. H. Lesher, collage of Maryland

Patricia Curd is Professor of Philosophy, Purdue University.Richard D. McKirahan is Edwin Clarence Norton Professor of Classics and Professor of Philosophy at Pomona collage.

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Spinoza gives no good reason to reject these data, so his definition of substance is unmotivated and merely stipulative. And while we don’t want to reject the idea that substance is somehow to be understood in terms of independence, we do think that Spinoza’s definition of substance attributes to a substance the wrong sort of independence, a sort which it does not possess. Some philosophers have seen a resemblance between Spinoza’s ontology and that of contemporary physics, in that both (it is thought) reject finite physical substances.

According to Descartes, God is the only entity that satisfies this second definition of an individual substance. 29 From these citations and the text surrounding them, it appears that Descartes has something like the following overall account of individual substance in mind. (D4) x is a basic substance=df. it is possible for x to exist without any other entity existing. In Descartes’s view, God is the only basic substance. Hence, according to Descartes: (D5) x is a nonbasic substance=df. it is possible for x to exist without any other entity existing, except God.

How is the difference between a collection of tropes which belong to an event and a collection of tropes which belong to a substance to be explained? 50 Two such objects can also separate and occupy different places at the same time. At the time when the two substances are in the same place, there is no one substance in that place which has all of the tropes that each of the two objects has, as (Pi) requires. Hence, spatial coincidence is not a logically sufficient condition for the substantial unity of a collection of tropes.

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