By Melissa Frazier
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Extra resources for Accent in Proto-Indo-European Athematic Nouns Antifaithfulness in Inflectional Paradigms
The athematic nouns are considered more archaic and are moribund in the daughter languages. The thematic nouns are not subject to the variety of accent pattern that the athematic nouns are. Specifically, thematic nouns have fixed stress and do not ablaut (Kim 2002). 4 Athematic Nouns Athematic nouns are built from a stem that does not end in the thematic vowel -e/o-. The theoretical difficulty presented by athematic nouns comes from the four accent patterns that they can follow7. These nouns can also follow four ablaut patterns, which correlate with the accent pattern.
Surface accent is determined by the interplay of morphemes (those with or without underlying accent, post-accenting roots, and dominant affixes) and is not determined by the creation of foot structure. There will thus be only one further reference to feet in this paper. 2 I will discuss the syncope of unstressed nonhigh vowels with reference to a constraint that is foot-sensitive. Because PIE is unbounded, a word will be shown to contain one and only one foot. 3 Morphology3 In general, PIE nouns and verbs are inflected by adding an ending to a stem.
24 data presented here will primarily refer to the nominative (nom), accusative (acc) and genitive (gen) cases in the singular (sg). Gender will not play a role. In traditional PIE description, nominal stems were classified by the last sound of the stem, creating such categories as i- stems5 or r-stems, etc. However, since the relatively recent understanding of accent in PIE nouns, such classifications are considered fairly unimportant, with one notable exception6. A significant distinction is made between thematic and athematic nouns.
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