Acción comunicativa y razón sin transcendencia by Jürgen Habermas

By Jürgen Habermas

El concepto de "presuposición idealizante" ocupa un lugar destacado en l. a. construcción de los angeles "teoría de los angeles acción comunicativa". En este ensayo, que constituye una importante aportación a su teoría, Habermas explica y desarrolla este concepto, reinterpretándolo, a l. a. luz de su análisis pragmático-formal, como una versión de las "ideas" kantianas una vez liberadas de su sentido transcendental. El texto ofrece una explicación genealógica de los vínculos que unen el planteamiento kantiano con cuatro presuposiciones pragmáticas inevitables en los angeles acción comunicativa: un mundo objetivo común, los angeles responsabilidad de los sujetos racionales, los angeles validez incondicional de las pretensiones de verdad y de corrección normativa, y l. a. necesaria dependencia de justificación discursiva. Habermas destaca que l. a. "inevitabilidad" de estas presuposiciones en l. a. acción comunicativa debe entenderse más en el sentido de Wittgenstein que en el de Kant, es decir, no en el sentido trascendental de las condiciones universales y necesarias de los angeles experiencia posible, sino en el sentido gramatical de un sistema de lenguaje y un mundo de l. a. vida en el que nos hemos socializado y que, en cualquier caso, "para nosotros" es insuperable. A los angeles luz de esos nexos genealógicos se hacen patentes los puntos cruciales en los que l. a. filosofía analítica ha rechazado l. a. herencia de las "ideas" de los angeles razón pura de Kant. Pero, a su vez, mediante un análisis que examina los angeles crítica de Frege al psicologismo, el principio de caridad interpretativa de Davidson, l. a. recepción crítica de Wittgenstein por parte de Dummett, y l. a. concepción del entendimiento como un intercambio discursivo de razones que propone Brandom, Habermas muestra que l. a. tradición analítica acaba llegando a unas descripciones normativas de l. a. práctica lingüística muy similares a las de su pragmática formal, de raíces confesadamente kantianas.

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This distinction, as we shall see, is quite different from Bower's distinction between propositions and appearances. Baylor's distinction is made precise in his system. As we examine it in detail, we will find that the difference between the two types of knowledge is not at all a difference in kind but rather a difference in arrangement which results in somewhat different access relations in the two cases. The distinction arises in Baylor'S theory through his postulate of two separate but closely related systems in which information about the problem environment is represented.

Another general consideration, also related to Simon's (1969) arguments for hierarchical organization, which suggests that one might usefully treat some classes of representation in a somewhat distinct manner, has to do with questions of efficiency of access. Efficiency may be gained through the use of levels of activation or accessibility, with a few items being highly accessible and larger numbers being progressively less accessible. As an example of the notion of hierarchical accessibility, consider the following: Suppose a process (computer or human) makes use of a certain repertoire of n items of information, numbered from 1 to n.

Furthermore, such an approach has the advantage that it does not require positing two qualitatively different entities, one, an abstract propositional-descriptive structure serving for memory representations and the other a picture-like entity with implications of concreteness, spatial extent, and simultaneous availability (all of which must be metaphorically interpreted since none of these terms are intended to apply literally to brain structures) serving in thinking. To make the latter remarks more concrete, we shall devote the next section to describing a system which uses that approach.

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Acción comunicativa y razón sin transcendencia by Jürgen Habermas
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