After the breakthrough: The emergence of high-temperature by Helga Nowotny

By Helga Nowotny

The invention of high-temperature superconductivity used to be hailed as a huge clinical leap forward, inducing an unheard of wave of pleasure and expectation one of the medical group and within the overseas press. This publication units this learn step forward in context, and reconstructs the background of the invention. The authors learn the emergence of this new study box and how its improvement was once formed by means of scientists and technology coverage makers. additionally they study some of the institutional and nationwide settings during which the study used to be undertaken in addition to contemplating the clinical backgrounds and motivations of researchers who entered the sphere following the unique discovery.

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Extra resources for After the breakthrough: The emergence of high-temperature superconductivity

Sample text

Such connections are not unexpected, since nuclei, as complex many-body systems, present intellectual challenges with many similarities to condensed-matter physics. The discovery of the Bardeen-CooperSchrieffer theory of superconductivity had an immediate impact on nuclear physics with Cooper pairing of neutrons and protons, thereby explaining many features of actual nuclear excitation levels. Further, the neutron matter that comprises neutron stars is expected to be superfluid, and the proton matter superconducting.

The experimental methods of CMMP have also had an enormous impact on biology and medicine and have ushered in a new era of quantitative approaches to biological measurements and prediction. Biomolecular structures are now being catalogued through the use of technologies such as synchrotron radiation and x-ray crystallography developed in the CMMP community. Fundamental studies of energy transfer between two spins have allowed measurement of the distance between atoms in proteins even as the protein tumbles freely in solution.

At the same time, the discovery and study of emergent phenomena often lead to immensely important practical applications. Superconductivity, discovered almost 100 years ago, is a good example. 1 in Chapter 1) that would revolutionize medicine. Looking ahead, one can imagine that the recently discovered high-temperature superconductors, which have so far seen limited application, might ultimately play a major role in reducing world energy consumption by allowing lossless transmission of electrical power over long distances.

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After the breakthrough: The emergence of high-temperature by Helga Nowotny
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