By Z. Gabsi.
The Tunisian Berber (or Shilha) vernaculars are one of the least defined Afroasiatic (Hamito-Semitic) languages to at the present time. even though they've been provisionally assigned to the North-Berber crew in the Berber department of Afroasiatic, their speedy association is still an open query. The critical activity of this current paintings is to explain the phonology, morphology and syntax of Douiret. much less primary to the goals of the research is the research of the elemental wordstores of the 3 surviving Shilha types which come with Douiret, Chninni (or Chenini) and Ouirsighen (Jerba). The Shilha number of Douiret is selected for this learn since it nonetheless keeps a few basic components of Berber constitution which aren't very assorted to different Berber languages reminiscent of Kabyle and Tamazight. The learn exhibits that Tunisian Berber nonetheless survives this day, yet its destiny continues to be doubtful within the face of the forces of urbanisation, financial migration and absence of presidency aid all of which could give a contribution hypothetically to its most likely loss of life. This learn might be pursued with regards to the social and cultural context of the Tunisian Berber vernaculars. learn at the nature of language touch bewtween Tunisian Arabic and Shilha is virtually non-existent and during this research, is a secondary obstacle. The robust impact of the neighborhood Arabic superstratum on Shilha in phonology, morphology, syntax and lexis can be investigated, in addition to the presence of Berber parts within the particular Arabic dialect of Tunisia. because the thesis identify indicates, this examine shouldn't be taken because the final be aware on Berber in Tunisia. The little to be had information on Berber in Tunisia makes the duty more durable in constructing a transparent photograph of its constitution and courting with different Berber languages equivalent to Kabyle and Tamazight.
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) (Education)
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Additional info for An outline of the Shilha (Berber) vernacular of Douiret (Southern Tunisia)
Despite the writer's cumbersome analysis, the articles include 39 See Plate 6, APPENDIX XII, p. 450. 36 Chapter 1 General Introduction invaluable data on the vernacular of Douiret which is discussed in several occasions in the present work. The common title of these two articles un microcosme Berbere. Systeme verbal et satellites dans trois parlers tunisiens is somewhat intriguing. By the term satellite or 'movable affix', the author discusses how personal pronoun indices attract these satellites such as the particle d; referred to in Berber literature as particule de rapprochement.
31 l. 13 Chapter 1 General Introduction fourteenth century who did not agree that Goliath was the ancestor of the Berbers. According to Norris (1982:35), Ibn Khaldun's argument stems from the remote possibility that if the Berbers have a lineage from Goliath, it does not explain the complexity of the different Berber clans spread in North Africa. Ibn Khaldun also divided the Berbers into two major groups, the Baranis and the Madghis Al-Abtar. According to Norris (1982:40), Berber genealogists believed that the Berbers have two ancestors one is of Berber descent and named Barr and the other of Arabic extraction called Qays *Aylan.
Fourth, Pencheon (1983:31) discussed that the Berbers in Tunisia are unaware that their language and literature (mainly oral) is surviving beyond their small towns. This is reflected, according to the same writer, in the lack of solidarity between the Berber towns such as between Douiret and Chninni despite their geographical proximity (only six kilometres separate the two towns). Pencheon (1983:32) summarises the interrelationship between the Berber language and identity in a societal context where the dominant language is the prestigious one by stating that: 26 27 Chapter 1 General Introduction Si la langue et la litterature berberes ne praissent done pas constituer un moyen d'identite de l 'individu avec la societe au-de la des limites de son entourage immediat, l 'arabe par contre jouit d'une grande puissance culturelle.
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