By Eleonore Stump
Few philosophers or theologians exerted as a lot effect at the form of Medieval idea as Thomas Aquinas. He ranks among the main recognized of the Western philosophers and used to be answerable for nearly single-handedly bringing the philosophy of Aristotle into concord with Christianity. He was once additionally one of many first philosophers to argue that philosophy and theology might aid one another. the form of metaphysics, theology, and Aristotelian proposal at the present time nonetheless bears the imprint of Aquinas paintings.
In this broad and deeply researched learn, Eleonore Stump enages Aquinas around the complete diversity of his philosophical writings. She examines Aquinas' significant works, Summa Theologiae and Summa Contra Gentiles and obviously assesses the significant diversity of Aquinas' proposal from his metaphysics, theology, philosophy of brain and epistemology to his perspectives on unfastened will, motion, the soul and ethics, legislations and politics. She considers the impact of Aquinas' proposal on modern philosophy and why he will be nonetheless learn today.
Part of the Routledge Arguments of the Philosophers sequence.
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Extra info for Aquinas
His literary productivity during this second regency is the more amazing because he was at the same time embroiled in various controversies. Sending Aquinas back to Paris in 1268 seems to have been, at least in part, his order’s response to the worrisome movement of “Latin Averroism” or “radical Aristotelianism”, then gaining ground among members of the arts faculty who were attracted to interpretations of Aristotle found in the commentaries of Averroes. However, only two of his many writings from these years seem to have obvious connections with the Averroist controversy.
Good and true are the philosophically interesting cases, because some beings are obviously not good and because true seems applicable only to propositions. The claim that all beings are true depends on taking ‘true’ in the sense of ‘genuine’, as in ‘true friend’, a sense that had been explored in detail by Anselm of Canterbury. In Anselm’s view, any being is true in this sense to the extent to which it agrees with the divine idea of such a thing (and is false to the extent that it does not agree).
The Dominicans then ordered Aquinas to return to Italy. Among the astounding number of works Aquinas produced in those four years is the huge Second Part of Summa theologiae (ST IaIIae and IIaIIae), nine Aristotelian commentaries, a commentary on the pseudo-Aristotelian Liber de causis (which, as Aquinas was among the first to realize, is actually a compilation of Neoplatonic material drawn from Proclus), sixteen biblical commentaries and seven sets of disputed questions (including the set of sixteen Quaestiones disputatae de malo [Disputed Questions On Evil], the sixth of which provides a detailed discussion of free choice).
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