Beyond Foucault New Perspectives on Bentham's Panopticon

In his highly influential ebook self-discipline and Punish, Foucault used the instance of Jeremy Bentham's Panopticon legal as a method of representing the transition from the early glossy monarchy to the past due glossy capitalist nation. within the former, energy is visibly exerted, for example by way of the destruction of the physique of the felony, whereas within the latter strength turns into invisible and specializes in the brain of the topic, which will determine, marginalize, and 'treat' people who are considered as incapable of partaking in, or unwilling to undergo, the disciplines of construction. The Panopticon hyperlinks the worlds of Bentham and Foucault students but they can be at cross-purposes; with Bentham students lamenting the ways that Foucault is seemed to have misunderstood panopticon, and Foucauldians it sounds as if blind to the complexities of Bentham's idea. This booklet combines an appreciation of Bentham's broader undertaking with an engagement of Foucault's insights on fiscal executive to move past the got examining of panopticism as a gloomy disciplinary know-how of energy. students right here supply new methods of knowing the Panopticon tasks via a large choice of subject matters together with Bentham's plural Panopticons and their elaboration of schemes of 'panoptic Utopia', the 'inverted Panopticon', 'panoptic governance', 'political panopticism' and 'legal panopticism'. French reports at the Panopticon are groundbreaking and this publication brings this examine to an English-speaking viewers for the 1st time. it really is crucial examining, not just for these learning Bentham and Foucault, but in addition people with an curiosity in highbrow heritage of the eighteenth and 19th centuries, and people learning modern surveillance and society.

Contents: Foreword, Clare O'Farrell; creation, Anne Brunon-Ernst; half I Historiography Reconsidered: from self-discipline to Governmentality: Deconstructing Panopticism into the plural Panopticons, Anne Brunon-Ernst; From self-discipline and Punish to The start of Biopolitics, Christian Laval. half II prestige of the Panopticon in criminal, Penal and Constitutional Reform: From 'utopia' to 'programme': construction a Panopticon in Geneva, Emmanuelle de Champs; Penal concept with no the Panopticon, Jean-Pierre Cléro; From the penal complex to the political Panoptic paradigm, Guillaume Tusseau. half III Is There a Panoptic Society? Social keep watch over in Bentham and Foucault: Transparency and politics: the reversed Panopticon as a reaction to abuse of strength, Marie-Laure Leroy; Social keep an eye on and the criminal Panoptic paradigm, Malik Bozzo-Rey; Epilogue: the Panopticon as a modern icon?, Anne Brunon-Ernst and Guillaume Tusseau; Bibliography; Index.

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5 Nevertheless, the importance of Discipline and Punish in reviving interest in Bentham’s Panopticon should not be underestimated. Most people in Europe and the United States have read Bentham’s Panopticon through the lens of Foucault’s work on the prison system. Ironically, Foucault’s massive contribution to the revival of interest in the Panopticon has created significant problems for Bentham scholars, since Foucault’s work misrepresents Bentham and his project. Foucault’s interpretation has even provided critical vocabulary with a new Benthamesque adjective – ‘panoptic’6 – the application of which strikes fear in the heart of every freedom-loving individual.

The later chapter 3 in Discipline and Punish exhibits the same features two years later. See a similar description of the Panopticon in Foucault, ‘The Eye of Power’. 46 See the Epilogue, pp. 191–3. 51 As Laval discusses below, Foucault comes to such a conclusion on Bentham’s works in his lecture series The Birth of Biopolitics, although not basing himself on the Panopticon writings. I contend here that a closer reading of the plural Panopticons yields governmentality as well as disciplinary power.

103–4. Semple, Bentham’s Prison, p. 34, and Semple, ‘Bentham’s Haunted House’, p. 40. 57 Foucault, Psychiatric Power, pp. 48–52. 55 56 Deconstructing Panopticism into the Plural Panopticons 33 for one and a universal constitutional code for the other. Moreover, the constitutional-Panopticon does not allow citizens to register the government’s activities, thanks to procedures which are specifically inscribed in the panoptic architecture. One last panoptic feature is the isotopic system. Foucault writes: [A] disciplinary power is isotopic or, at least, tends towards isotopy.

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