By M. Schaad
This learn explores the formula, strategies and effect of Britain's diplomatic efforts to urge the German govt to desert, regulate and later to amplify the ecu fiscal neighborhood. Its major competition is that British international relations among the Messina convention of 1955 and the 1st club software of 1961 was once counterproductive.
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Extra info for Bullying Bonn: Anglo-German Diplomacy on European Integration, 1955-61 (St. Antony's Series)
He went on to claim that: Adenauer is quite content to leave methods of co-operation to Erhard, provided that he is satisﬁed that developments on the economic front are not in directions disruptive of the European idea. He is not interested in pure economics, and his touch in them is much less sure. 57 The main concern of the Foreign Ofﬁce ofﬁcials was the possibility of further supranational, sectoral integration among the Six. In this sense, their assessment of Erhard’s position was remarkably accurate, given that the Ministry of Economics was indeed successful in averting further sectoral integration.
Active co-operation within the OEEC B. merging the Council of Europe and the OEEC C. a European commodities tariff scheme D. a free trade area for steel E. a partial free trade area with an exclusion list F. the so-called Strasbourg tariff scheme linking the Commonwealth with the OEEC Entering Wedge or Counterblast? 29 B was clearly more an issue of cosmetics and it was therefore considered effective only in connection with one or more of the other alternatives. C, E and F suggested an item-by-item approach, necessitating the identiﬁcation of products speciﬁc to European trade in the case of C, or, alternatively, of products which were seen as essential to the continuation of Anglo-Commonwealth trade, as in the case of E and F.
40 John Coulson, Under-Secretary at the Foreign Ofﬁce, clariﬁed the view of his department when replying to the British embassy in Brussels. Therein, he agreed that there had indeed been a misunderstanding of the German attitude: The Germans still favour supranational integration on a broad basis, but Erhard is ﬁrmly opposed to the ‘sector’ approach . . The Benelux Memorandum submitted to the Messina Conference favoured, of course, precisely this ‘sector’ approach and the unfavourable German reaction appears to have been misinterpreted as lukewarmness towards European integration in general .
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